Hussein, Saddam

Hussein, Saddam
   Long the strong man in Baghdad, Saddam Hussein officially became president of Iraq on 16 July 1979, when he succeeded Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr. He reached this position by employing ruthless, Stalin-like tactics against his associates in the Baath Party and Iraq. Later, of course, he demonstrated these characteristics against the Kurds and others when he attacked Iran in 1980 and Kuwait in 1990.
   At first, however, Saddam Hussein seemed more reasonable toward the Kurds by negotiating the March (1970) Manifesto with Mulla Mustafa Barzani. Saddam Hussein's main purpose, however, was to secure his own power base. He was also alarmed by the Iraqi Kurds' international connections, which seemed to threaten Iraq's territorial integrity. In 1975, Saddam Hussein negotiated the Algiers Agreement with Iran that allowed Iraq to launch a successful assault against the Kurds. During the Iran-Iraq War of the 1980s, Saddam Hussein used chemical weapons and the genocidal Anfal campaign in attempts to punish and defeat the Kurds for their support of Iran.
   Because of his egregious human rights abuses perpetuated against the Kurds, many Kurds (especially those living in Iraq) considered Saddam Hussein to be their most deadly enemy. Therefore, most Iraqi Kurds gave strong support to the United States when it removed Saddam Hussein from power on 9 April 2003 in the second Gulf War. Saddam Hussein was eventually captured on 13 December 2003, tried, and convicted of crimes against humanity over the killing of 148 people in the mainly Shiite town of Dujail following an assassination attempt against him in 1982. He was hanged on 30 December 2006.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hussein,Saddam — Hussein, Saddam. Born 1937. Iraqi military and political leader. The president of Iraq since 1979, he waged war against Iran over a territorial dispute (1980 1988). His invasion and occupation of Kuwait (1990) led to the Gulf War. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hussein, Saddam — ▪ 2007 Saddam Hussein al Tikriti        Arab nationalist leader (b. April 28, 1937, Tikrit, Iraq d. Dec. 30, 2006, Baghdad, Iraq), reduced Iraq to a state of impoverishment and devastation during his 24 years (1979–2003) as the country s… …   Universalium

  • Hussein, Saddam —  (1937–2006) President of Iraq (1979–2003). His name in full was Saddam Hussein Abd al Majid al Tikrit …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Ḥussein, Ṣaddām — <FONT face=Tahoma>Ḥ<>ussein, <FONT face=Tahoma>Ṣ<>addām (n. 28 abr. 1937, Tikrīt, Irak). Presidente de Irak (1979–2003). Se unió al Partido Baas en 1957. Después de participar en un intento fallido de asesinar al pdte.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Saddam Hussein — Mandats 5e président de la République irakienne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saddam Husein — Saddam Hussein Saddam Hussein Ve président d Irak Mandat 16 juillet 1979 –  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saddam Hussain — Saddam Hussein Saddam Hussein Ve président d Irak Mandat 16 juillet 1979 –  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saddam Hussein — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Saddam Hussein Saddam Hussein cuando era Presidente de Iraq 5.º Presidente de Iraq …   Wikipedia Español

  • Saddam (disambiguation) — Saddam may refer to: *Saddam Hussein, former president of Iraq *Saddam Beach, a village in India (named after Saddam Hussein) * , a biographical book about Saddam Hussein *Sadr City, a district of Baghdad, named Saddam City from 1963 2003… …   Wikipedia

  • Saddam Hussein — Infobox Officeholder name =Saddam Hussein Abd al Majid al Tikriti ar. صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي imagesize =200px small caption = order =5th office =President of Iraq term start =July 16, 1979 term end =April 9, 2003 primeminister =Himself… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.